Wednesday, May 27, 2009

Parvovirus: Serious Diarrhea in Puppies & Dogs

Veterinary & Aquatic Services Department, Drs. Foster & Smith

Canine parvovirus (CPV) disease is currently the most common infectious disorder of dogs in the United States.

'Parvo' is a highly contagious disease characterized by diarrhea that is often bloody. Prior to 1980, most canine parvovirus that caused disease was Type 2 (CPV-2). After 1980, CPV-2 was replaced by CPV-2a became more common and in 1986, another variation called CPV-2b appeared. In the past few years, a new strain, CPV-2c has been detected. Today, CPV-2b has largely replaced the previous strains as the most common parvovirus causing disease in the dog. There is currently some discussion that there may be other strains that are beginning to emerge and have yet to be formally identified. Current vaccinations have helped to control the spread of this disease but despite being vaccinated, some dogs still contract and die from parvo. There is much that we do not know about the virus or the best way to control the disease, but we are learning new information daily. Misinformation about the disease, its spread, and vaccination is widespread. We hope that with a better understanding of the disease, pet owners will be able to make good health decisions for their dogs that will help prevent and reduce the spread of this disease.

How is parvovirus spread?

Parvovirus is spread through contact with feces containing the virus. The virus is known to survive on inanimate objects - such as clothing, food pans, and cage floors - for 5 months and longer in the right conditions. Insects and rodents may also serve as vectors playing an important role in the transmission of the disease. This means any fecal material or vomit needs to be removed with a detergent before the bleach solution is used. The bleach solution should be used on bedding, dishes, kennel floors and other impervious materials that may be contaminated.

The normal incubation period (time from exposure to the virus to the time when signs of disease appear) is from 7-14 days. Virus can be found in the feces several days before clinical signs of disease appear, and may last for one to two weeks after the onset of the disease.

What are the symptoms of parvovirus infection?

There is a broad range in the severity of symptoms shown by dogs that are infected with parvovirus. Many adult dogs exposed to the virus show very few, if any, symptoms. The majority of cases of disease are seen in dogs less than 6 months of age with the most severe cases seen in puppies younger than 12 weeks of age. There are also significant differences in response to parvovirus infections and vaccines among different breeds of dogs, with Rottweilers, Doberman Pinschers, and Labrador Retrievers being more susceptible than other breeds.

The most common form of the disease is the intestinal form known as enteritis. Parvovirus enteritis is characterized by vomiting (often severe), diarrhea, dehydration, dark or bloody feces, and in severe cases, fever and lowered white blood cell counts. Acute parvovirus enteritis can be seen in dogs of any breed, sex, or age. The disease will progress very rapidly and death can occur as early as two days after the onset of the disease. The presence of gram negative bacteria, parasites, or other viruses can worsen the severity of the disease and slow recovery.

A less common form of the disease causes myocarditis (inflammation of the heart).

How is parvovirus infection diagnosed?

Not all cases of bloody diarrhea with or without vomiting are caused by parvovirus and many sick puppies are misdiagnosed as having 'parvo.' The only way to know if a dog has parvovirus is through a positive diagnostic test. In addition to the more time consuming and expensive traditional testing of the blood for titers, a simpler test of the feces with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay antigen test (ELISA), commonly called the CITE test, is also available through most veterinary clinics. Testing of all suspect cases of parvo is the only way to correctly diagnose and treat this disease. A complete physical exam and additional laboratory tests such as a CBC and chemistry panel help to determine the severity of the disease.

How is parvovirus disease treated?

The treatment of parvovirus is fairly straightforward and directed at supportive therapy. Replacing fluids lost through vomiting and diarrhea is probably the single most important treatment. Intravenous administration of a balanced electrolyte solution is preferred, but in less severe cases, subcutaneous or oral fluids may be used. In severe cases, blood transfusions may be necessary. Antibiotic therapy is usually given to help control secondary bacterial infections. In those dogs who have severe symptoms, antiserum against endotoxins may be given. Corticosteroids may be given if the animal is in shock. In cases of severe vomiting, drugs to slow the vomiting may also be used. After the intestinal symptoms begin to subside, a broad spectrum de-worming agent is often used. Restricting the food during periods of vomiting is also necessary and parenternal nutrition (providing nutrients intravenously) may be necessary.

Undertaking the treatment of affected dogs and puppies without professional veterinary care is very difficult. Even with the best available care, the mortality of severely infected animals is high. Without the correct amount of properly balanced intravenous fluids, the chance of recovery in a severely stricken animal is very small.

All parvoviruses are extremely stable and are resistant to adverse environmental influences such as low pH and high heat. Exposure to ultraviolet light and sodium hypochlorite (a 1:32 dilution of household bleach - ½ cup bleach to 1 gallon of water) can inactivate parvovirus. The bleach solution can be impaired by organic matter and needs to have adequate exposure time and proper concentrations to work effectively.

Tuesday, May 26, 2009

I Just Rushed My Dog to the Vet Clinic

I was in school few hours ago when my mother called me informing me that "Meepo", my male pet dog just died. She told me that I should come home if I would like to see Meepo before he will be buried. And so I left my laptop open and at once went home.

I saw my dog in the cage still breathing. I contacted Dr. Salvatierra and I was advised to bring Meepo to the clinic. He told me that based on his observation, Meepo might have been poisoned or probably has accidentally eaten a poisonous food or drink. The veterinarian is not also setting aside the possibility that Meepo was hit by parvo virus since his anti-parvo vaccine has already expired.

Dr. Josef told me that Meepo should be confined. What else can I do? I just have to follow with what the doctor had said because I still want my dog to recover. The doctor had difficulty in putting the dog's dextrose. According to him, Meepo's vein has already collapsed but after about ten minutes, he was able to hit the right vein.

I hope and pray that Meepo will be fine tomorrow. I really love my dog.

Happy Birthday Bro. Ted and I am So Sorry!

I woke up so early yesterday at 4:00am so that I can come to school at 4:30am for the traditional "manyanita" in honor of our birthday celebrant Bro. Ted. It was my first time to participate in that kind of tradition wherein we serenaded our dear Brother.

May 25, 2009 is a very special day because Bro. Ted is celebrating his 62nd birthday. He is so blessed to reach that age knowing that Filipino life expectancy slowly deteriorates. I cannot even imagine myself reaching 62 if I will not change my lifestyle specially my eating habits.

After the "manyanita", at 6:00am, I decided to stay in school. I surfed the net while waiting for the 8:30 am mass. The mass was attended by NDKC employees and few alumni. It was presided by Rev. Fr. Allan Sasi, DCK who was also a former RE instructor of NDKC.

The mass was followed by a program. I was the master of ceremony but I have to say that it was the worst program I have ever attended. I was the "master" of ceremony but I really did not know what to do. I am sorry to give this remark. I also have my faults but honestly I was emceeing in the dark. Someone else knows the program more than me and I was not given a clear instruction. I even didn't know that Bro. Ted will be delivering his message.

I was really frustrated because I personally believe that Bro. Ted deserves the best birthday program considering that he will already be leaving NDKC as President.

I learned a lot from that experience. As an "emcee" I should have exerted efforts in knowing ahead of time what really will happen in the program considering that NO program invitation was printed yesterday. I was told that it will be a "spontaneous program" but spontaneity doesn't mean you don't have to print or to be particular with the details of the program.

I am also to be blamed for letting my self be in that situation or for letting that situation happen. Sorry if yesterday I left shortly after the lunch. What I have posted here is just half of what I have experienced yesterday.

Belated Happy Birthday Bro. Ted and I am so sorry. Thank you for the three fruitful years you have shared with us as a President and as a Brother. I have to admit I did not reach your expectations in my tenure as a former Alumni Coordinator but I still would like to thank you for the trust and confidence you have given me.

We will all miss you Bro. Ted!

Sunday, May 24, 2009

Let Us Help Stop Global Warming

Join the 1,289,591 supporters of the Stop Global Warming Virtual March, and become part of the movement to demand our leaders freeze and reduce carbon dioxide emissions now. We are all contributors to global warming and we all need to be part of the solution.

The Stop Global Warming Virtual March is a non-political effort to declare that global warming is here now and it’s time to act.This is a movement about change, as individuals, as a country, and as a global community.

Saturday, May 23, 2009

Congratulations to the Newly Professed Marist Brothers!

I just arrived this afternoon at 4:30 from Datu Odin Sinsuat, Maguindanao together with some members of the Faculty of Notre Dame of Kidapawan College. I attended the First Profession as Marist Brothers of Bro. Leonel Roy S. Arpon, FMS of Archdiocese of Cotabato, Bro. Nelson L. Beltran, FMS of Archdiocese of Zamboanga, and Bro. Nolasco O. Gavilan III, FMS also of the Archdiocese of Cotabato.

Bro. Roy, FMS was assigned in NDKC for his exposure as a Novice.

The ceremony held at the De Mazenod Auditorium of Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto was very simple yet so meaningful. After long years of formation in the Aspirancy House at Gen. Santos City and in the Novitiate House at Datu Odin Sinsuat, Maguindanao, the three brothers will now be entering a very challenging point in their lives as Marist Brothers.
Rev. Fr. Eduardo Santoyo, OMI was the main presider of the mass while Bro. Manuel V. De Leon, FMS, Provincial Superior of the Marist East Asia Province led the Rite of Profession.

It was like attending a wedding because at the Processional of the Eucharistic Celebration, the three Brothers were accompanied by their parents. In the said event, they vowed to live a simple, chaste and celibate life. Like a groom to his bride, they promised to serve the Church as St. Marcellin Champagnat, founder of the Marist Brothers, did.

The occasion was graced with the presence of the Brothers and Lay People coming from the different Marist communities in the Philippines such as Jolo, Buda, Koronadal, Marikina, Gen. Santos, Cotabato, and Kidapawan City. The Ad Gentes Brothers coming from Malaysia, Italy, Argentina, and Spain were also present. It was also attended by different religious people from various congregations.

After the mass, we all went to the Dining Hall for the reception. We enjoyed the food prepared by the Oblates of Notre Dame (OND) Sisters. It was also a time to celebrate the Golden Anniversary of the Marist Novitiate in the Philippines. During the program, Bro. Manuel, FMS and Bro. Rustico, FMS unveiled the schematic diagram of the Novitiate and the logo of its 5oth Anniversary.

Here are some other pictures taken from the said event.

I'm with Bro. Fernando Armendez, FMS, the oldest Filipino Marist Brother who was trained in New York, USA.

I met Bro. Paul, NFMS, a Korean novice who was one of the busiest persons in charge during the Celebration. This happens to be my first picture with a Korean National.

This is the logo of the Golden Annivesary Celebration of the Marist Novitiate in the Philippines.

At the Reception Hall, Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto, Tamontaka, Datu Odin Sinsuat, Maguindanao

At the Parking Area of Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto

Friday, May 22, 2009

Am I Really a Sanguine?

I took a personilty test in the Guidance and Testing Center of the Notre Dame of Kidapawan College and found out that I have a Sanguine Personality.

I surfed the net to know more about what a Sanguine person is and found out a lot of new things about me.


Personality Strengths of the Sanguine

  • Light hearted
  • Fun
  • A people person
  • Loves to extend hospitality
  • A peace maker
  • Enjoys children
  • Spontaneous Personality

Weaknesses of the Sanguine

  • Scatter brained
  • Impulsive
  • Doesn’t finish what they start
  • May avoid facing problems
  • Takes on more than they have time for

The Sanguine is the life of the party. Truth be told, they would love life to be one big party, complete with decorations and games! They are fun people. They can come up with something fun to do at the drop of a hat.


Thursday, May 21, 2009

Jun Limpot: My Long Time Basketball Idol

I started watching the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) in 1994. I was a second year high school student then. It was only because I admire a tall, athletic and a superb player who is a gentleman and a very good person as well.

Zandro "Jun" Limpot. . . my long time basketball idol is married to an Escudero! She is truly a "lucky" lady for being Zandro's better half.

Limpot is a Cebuano-speaking athlete who hails from Surigao. Originally a tennis player, he decided to play basketball after the urging of his uncle, the late Governor Jose Sering.

He started his basketball career as key player of the De La Salle University Green Archers, later on played for four years with the Philippine Basketball League (PBL) where he won an MVP award, and eventually became part of the PBA.

He was in the Sta. Lucia Realtors wearing jersey number 72 when I began following his career. Towering at 6 feet 5 inches tall, he and Dennis Espino was known as the Twin Towers of Sta. Lucia but Limpot is also known as "The Main Man". He never experienced playing and winning a PBA championship match. It was only when he moved to Ginebra wearing jersey number 9 he had a taste of being a PBA champion. Limpot, being a very talented player, also became part of the Philippine Basketball Team who competed in the Asian Games.

Through my high school years I keep on collecting Scoreboard magazines to see updates about my idol. I even used some of his magazine pictures as cover of my notebooks. Sounds a bit of an obsession, isn't it?

I stopped following his career when I transferred to Kidapawan. Why? I honestly do not know. But I still find time to read news items about him.

With the presence of the new breeds of PBA players including a large number of Fil-Ams, I still consider Zandro Limpot as one of the best basketball players the PBA has ever produced. And so I am very proud to be one of his avid fans who up to now never stop admiring him.


After 15 long years, at last I have seen my idol in person. Last night, I went to the Kidapawan City Gymnasium to witness the basketball match between the PBA Legends versus the Catamco Dream Team of North Cotabato.

I availed the Php 250.00 ticket so that I can have a courtside view of my idol Zandro "Jun" Limpot who still looks like a college student.

That experience renewed my admirations towards Jun Limpot. He may not be as good as he was during his younger years but still he displayed his excellent skills as a player.

I wish and pray that I could still see Jun Limpot in person play in a real PBA match.

Wednesday, May 20, 2009

Welcome to NDKC Bro. Manuel V. De Leon, FMS

By Bro. Manuel V. De Leon, FMS
The New NDKC President
(Presented during the Turn-Over Ceremony last May 18, 2009 at NDKC-SMC Student Center)
  1. What is Education? - More Education is More Wisdom. It means to say that education is supposed to produce, preserve and promote wisdom towards fullness of life.
  2. What is Wisdom? - It is to view the world through the eyes of God. It is important to discern, contemplate and obey His will.
  3. What is the role of the Catholic School? - It is to spread the Good News. The Good News is the Word of God. The Good News are the Gospel Values of faith, hope, and love.
  4. What are the Marist Characteristics? - As Marists, we have some distinctive marks, namely: Simplicity (i.e genuine relationship, not complicated), Presence (i.e pedagogy of good examples), Family Spirit (i.e welcoming, supportive, challenging), Love of Work (i.e one becomes co-creator of God), and Mary's Way (i.e Mary at the crib, cross and the altar)
  5. What is Marist Education? - Marist Education is integral education or towards the development of the total person. The total development of the person includes his physical, social, emotional, intellectual, cultural and spiritual aspects.
  6. What are the main functions of Tertiary Education? - Tertiary Education is supposed to promote research, quality instruction and community involvement. Thus, it is important that NDKC should be known for the quality of researches, instruction and community involvement. In other words, every program must integrate these three components.
  7. What is my leadership style? - I believe in empowering people. Empowerment can only happen when there is high level of trust in the goodness of people who can work together as a team. I am a believer of dialogue or consensus building. I am action and result oriented. As a team, we need to share both the success and failure of the endeavor.
  8. What is a system approach? - We need to put up a system in order to make our values, content, resources, technology, and structures achieve our desired goals to the maximum. Most of the failures are caused by the failure in the system.
  9. What is the importance of financial viability? - High morale in the organization is a function of a good financial management. We will manage our financial resources and temporal goods as good stewards. We will strive to keep our balance sheet in good health. Otherwise, we will end up poorer than the poor we want to serve. Our philosophy in managing our resources will be based on stewardship, sustainability and equity.
  10. Ours is a Journey - Kairos is in God's time. We are all pilgrims here on earth. We are on our way to Holiness. Our actions or inactions contribute to our Wholeness. Let our actions be a product of contemplation. Actions without contemplation are shallow and lacking in wisdom. We are all participants in this journey. No one is a bystander, an audience or mere spectator. Let us make our community expandable. We reach out to the universe by making our "Circle of Influence" wider and bigger. But we cannot give what we don't have. It is therefore imperative for us to build a community "inside out". The best way to gauge our success is when we adhere to the three pillars integrity, excellence and service.

Tuesday, May 19, 2009

My Second Home... The Notre Dame of Kidapawan College

There are lots of BEST schools in the Philippines and in other countries. Why? Simple. . . it's because a lot of people believe that their alma mater is the best!

I won't say that the Notre Dame of Kidapawan College (NDKC), my dear Alma Mater, is the number one school in the Philippines but I must say I am proud to be a Notre Damean because NDKC, through its holistic approach, has taught me to face this very challenging life.

Listen to the testimonies of successful graduates in the radio and we can also say that we are at par with the top universities of our country.

NDKC continues to grow as it fulfills its vow of educating the young the Marist way.

And so I invite you to consider NDKC for your college education.
Baccalaureate Degrees
  1. Bachelor of Science in Computer Science (BSCS)
  2. Bachelor of Science in Information Technology (BSIT)
  3. Bachelor of Science in Information System (BSIS)
  4. Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering (BSCE)
  5. Bachelor of Science in Electronics and Communication Engineering (BSECE)
  6. Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN)
  7. Bachelor of Science in Accountancy (BSA)
  8. Bachelor of Science in Business Administration (BSBA / BSC) with majors in Marketing Management, Financial Management, and Human Resource Development Management
  9. Bachelor in Elementary Education (BEED)
  10. Bachelor in Secondary Education (BSED) with majors in Biology, English, MAPEH, Filipino, and Mathematics
  11. Bachelor of Arts with majors in Economics, English, Mass Communication, and Political Science

Graduate Degrees

  1. Master of Arts in Mathematics
  2. Master of Arts in English

Graduate School Extension of Notre Dame of Dadiangas University (NDDU)

  1. Master in Nursing
  2. Master of Arts in Engineering Education
  3. Master in Public Administration
  4. Master in Business Administration
  5. Master of Arts in Education
  6. Ph.D in Education
  7. Ph.D in Language Education
  8. Ph.D in Science Education major in Biology

Monday, May 18, 2009

Grades in IT 231 (Summer 2009) -- Everyone PASSED!

Congratulations to the following students who passed the IT 231 subject. Only the code names will be disclosed except for Jake Constantino whose code name I forgot to get. Anyway, there’s nothing to be ashamed of because he is the topnotcher. =)

The first two grades specified below are your midterm and final term grades, respectively.

  1. Constantino, Jake O. (84, 94, Final Grade: 89)
  2. XJ (89, 87, Final Grade: 88)
  3. Betsy (83, 85, Final Grade: 84)
  4. Vlad (79, 87, Final Grade: 83)
  5. Blessed (83, 81, Final Grade: 82)
  6. Fat Boy (77, 84, Final Grade: 81)
  7. Boom (78, 83, Final Grade: 81)
  8. imBlue_15 (80, 80, Final Grade: 80)
  9. fugitive (72, 83, Final Grade: 78)
  10. Jimboy (68, 85, Final Grade: 77)
  11. Pacman (74, 78, Final Grade: 76)
  12. Seminar (71, 79, Final Grade: 75)
  13. humana_ang_finals (69, 80, Final Grade: 75)
  14. CodeX (72, 77, Final Grade: 75)
  15. Blue Bay (73, 77, Final Grade: 75)

The following students failed BUT I decided to give them a passing grade of 75%.

  1. Mr. D (70, 77, Final Grade: 74)
  2. Pink Lover (72, 74, Final Grade: 73)
  3. Sword of Union (71, 74, Final Grade: 73)
  4. Naruto (75, 73, Final Grade: 74)

For clarification, you may see me in person or just email me.

Saturday, May 16, 2009

Ciriaco tops Programming Class

Eliezer Ciriaco, a promising first year BS in Information Technology student, once again topped the Programming Class for the Second Semester School Year 2008-2009.

This time, he led the CS/IT 121 - Computer Programming Class of the Notre Dame of Kidapawan College. He was a consistent topnotcher in all terms giving him a 95% final grade in the said subject.


Name: CIRIACO, Eliezer A.
Course/Year: BSIT - 1

High School Graduate of Kidapawan City National High School (Science Curriculum Class)

Performance in IT 121 - Computer Programming 2

First Trinal

  • AQR / Lab Exers. - 48
  • Examination - 45
  • Raw Score - 93
  • Grade - 93

Second Trinal

  • AQR / Lab Exers. - 50
  • Examination - 43
  • Raw Score - 93
  • Grade - 93

Third Trinal

  • AQR / Lab Exers. - 50
  • Examination - 48
  • Raw Score - 98
  • Grade - 98


Friday, May 15, 2009

What's behind number 12?

The question may not be that catchy but I hope you will enjoy reading this simple post of mine.

I just realized that I have already spent twelve tough years with the Notre Dame of Kidapawan College. Tough but still worth remembering. I believe that this institution had taught me a lot in facing the realities of life and for the next few years I still expect to grow as a better person.

I arrive in Kidapawan last April 26, 1997 together with my parents and brother. My father decided we should transfer to this humble place because he believe that the simple life Kidapawan could offer will make it easier for us to survive.

I have to admit, I never dreamed of studying here in NDKC or anywhere in Mindanao. Modesty aside, I felt that I deserve a better school because I graduated with flying colors at Holy Child Catholic School in Manila. I even inquired for student assistantship in De La Salle University and Adamson University. However, I had no choice. My parents wanted me to go with them to Kidapawan and gave me three options: to study in CMC, NORCIT (now CdK) or NDKC. And so I chose NDKC being the "most famous" of the three.

I thought I was entering a mini forest the first time I entered NDKC. I was just not used to a campus with so many trees. I visited the Guidance Office and inquired about the curricular offerings. I enrolled in the BS Computer Science program because at that time there's no Mass Communications program in NDKC.

My little knowledge of the Cebuano dialect made it difficult for me to communicate with some of my classmates, not to mention two of my former teachers who keeps on code switching but mostly using the local dialect as medium of instruction. But this difficulty did not hinder me to make my stay in this Marist institution a fruitful one. After few months, I learned the dialect and up to now the learning process continues.

NDKC gave me a lot of opportunities in college. I am happy to say that I performed well academically. I was also chosen as representative to some competitions in the region such as NDEA Academic Contest 1998 (2nd r-up), NDKC-NDMC Debate (Best Speaker), NDKC-NDMC Academic Challenge (Winner), YCSC-National Oratorical Contest (Champion), Statistics Quiz (4th I think) and Regional Super Quiz Bee (just 5th). Thank God I won in most of these contests.
Thank you also to the chance given to me as delegate to various significant gatherings such as the Mindanao Youth Congress in Davao City and the YCSC National Evaluation Seminar held at Teacher's Camp, Baguio City.

I also discovered that I can be a good leader when I was chosen as the Governor of the Computer-Information Department, Vice President of the Youth Community Service Club (YCSC) Kidapawan-Arakan-Mlang Council, and News Editor of The Almagan, then NDKC's student publication.

I have to say that the best experience was given to me by YCSC. Not only I was able to go to Baguio but also I was able to join a Six-week Immersion Program dubbed as Barrio Rehabilitation Program at Sitio Palusok, Brgy. Meohao, Kidapawan City. Together with other active members of the club, I experienced living in a remote barrio where we conducted various programs in coordination with the Students Assistance Committee for Community Development (SAC-CD), NDKC Community Extension Services (CES) and the Provincial Social Welfare and Development (PSWD).

I finished college in 2001 and received some recognitions. I bring back all of these to the Lord Almighty. Barely two months after, I was hired as a full-time faculty member. In 2004, I became a tenured faculty and was elected as President of the College Faculty Club. A year later I was appointed as Coordinator of Student Affairs, a position I handled for three years.

At present, I belong to the Engineering and Technology Department of Notre Dame of Kidapawan College. I am also on my second and hopefully last year as President of the NDKC Faculty-Employees Association (NDKC-FEA). I am still part of the Youth Community Service Club as Moderator. I am also gald to be part of the Champagnat Movement of the Marist Family.

I sincerely thank God for these twelve years and hope that I will still grow as NDKC continues to grow.

I may not be a perfect teacher. . . not a perfect officer. . . not a perfect son or kuya. . . I may not be a perfect person. . . but I hope and pray that the Lord will still bless me, my students, my co-teachers, my friends, and most specially my family.